The urllib module is a core Python library that allows you to open and read URLs in Python. It provides a simple interface for fetching data from web servers.
Installing urllib is easy since it is included in the Python standard library, meaning there is no need to install anything separately. However, there are a few things you need to know:
Verify Your Python Version
Make sure you have Python installed on your system. Urllib works with Python 2.7.9+ and Python 3.4+. You can check your Python version at the command line:
If you don't have Python, visit python.org to download and install the latest version.
Import the Module
Once Python is installed, you can import urllib in your code:
And that's it! The urllib module is ready to use after importing.
Make a Request
Here is sample code to make a GET request using urllib:
with urllib.request.urlopen('https://www.example.com') as response:
html = response.read()
This opens example.com, reads the response, and prints the HTML. See the urllib documentation for more details on making requests.
So in summary, to use urllib:
Urllib provides building blocks for more advanced features like custom headers, data posting, proxies, and more. But this covers the basics of getting started!