How to install urllib in Python?

Feb 20, 2024 ยท 2 min read

The urllib module is a built-in Python library that allows you to access data on the internet and parse URLs easily. It's a very handy module that every Python programmer should know.

Installing urllib

Since urllib is included in the Python standard library, there is no need to install it separately. It is ready to import and use in any Python environment.

To import urllib, simply add this import statement at the top of your Python script:

import urllib.request

Or to import portions of the urllib module:

from urllib import parse 

And that's it! The urllib module is now ready for you to use in your code.

Using urllib

Here is a simple example to fetch a web page using urllib:

import urllib.request

with urllib.request.urlopen('') as response:
   html =

This opens the Python website, reads the HTML content, and prints it out.

The urllib.request module contains useful functions like:

  • urlopen() - for opening and reading URLs
  • urlencode() - for encoding data into query strings
  • urlparse() - for parsing URLs
  • And more. Each submodule of urllib has several utility functions for handling URLs, querying web services, parsing responses, etc.

    Next Steps

    With urllib installed, you can now:

  • Fetch web pages and scrape data
  • Interact with REST APIs
  • Build web crawlers
  • Submit web forms programmatically
  • Test web services
  • The possibilities are endless. Urllib makes many web-based tasks easy in Python. Check out the official documentation for more details and code examples.

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