Making HTTP requests is essential in many Python programs. However, you may occasionally run into issues with requests unexpectedly timing out. This can lead to failed API calls, scraping jobs, or webhooks.
In this guide, we'll explore some of the common causes and solutions for Python request timeouts.
Why Requests Time Out
There are a few key reasons why a requests call may time out in Python:
Slow network connection - A poor internet connection can lead to delays in sending or receiving data from the server. This may trigger timeouts on requests.
Overloaded API server - If the API or website you are querying has high traffic or is experiencing issues, it may be slow to respond to requests.
Timeout value too short - Most Python request libraries allow you to set a timeout value in seconds. If this is too short for the API response time, timeouts may happen.
Connection issues - Any problems with connecting to the server such as DNS failures, unstable connections, or proxy problems can also lead to timeouts.
When you run into timeouts, there are some steps you can take to troubleshoot and improve the reliability:
Check connectivity - Confirm that you have a stable internet connection without proxy or DNS issues. Retry from different networks if possible.
Increase the timeout - Try raising the timeout duration (e.g. to 30+ seconds) to accommodate slower responses.