Stories from the Web Crawling trenches in Python requests

How to fix SSLError in Python requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Properly handle SSL errors in Python requests by updating CA bundles, fixing certificates, and using TLS 1.2+. Use SSLContext for full control over SSL behavior.

Persisting Cookies with Python Requests for Effective Web Scraping

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Cookies allow web scrapers to store and send session data. Python Requests library provides cookie persistence with Sessions, serialization, and rotating User Agents.

Using Proxies with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Python requests library simplifies HTTP requests and API calls. Proxies help avoid IP blocking. Configure proxies using a dictionary or environment variables. Authenticate requests with credentials. Use sessions for persistent data. Disable SSL verification if trusted. Adjust timeouts and retries for robust requests.

Accessing Your Local Web Server from Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Accessing a development server on localhost is easy with Python requests: Use http://localhost or http://127.0.0.1, Add the port your server uses like :8000, Disable SSL warnings for HTTPS, Import requests and call get/post as usual!

Retrying Failed Requests in Python Requests (with Code Examples!)

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 31, 2023

Learn how to implement a robust retry mechanism for handling request failures in Python using the Requests library. Understand different types of failures, configure retries with Sessions and HTTPAdapter, and build a custom retry wrapper. Improve the reliability of your applications despite network and server issues.

Fixing the "bytes-like object is required, not 'dict'" Error in Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

When working with Python Requests, if you encounter the error 'a bytes-like object is required, not 'dict'', you can fix it by converting the dict to a string with json.dumps(), using the json parameter, or converting the dict to bytes with bytes().

Web Scraping Websites with Login Example Using Python

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 4, 2023

Analyze login form, craft payload, post login request, use session to stay logged in, hide credentials, scrape data from restricted pages!

Setting the Content-Type Header for Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Properly setting the Content-Type helps the receiving server interpret and handle the data correctly. When sending JSON data or other formats, you'll want to explicitly set the header instead. Uploading multipart form data requires setting the content type accordingly. Handling responses and content types appropriately is important for robust integrations.

Understanding HTTP Status Codes with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Making HTTP requests is a fundamental task in many Python applications. HTTP status codes provide meaningful insight into API responses. Handle different status code classes properly in your application.

How to fix TooManyRedirects error in Python requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

The TooManyRedirects error in Python requests occurs when the request exceeds the default limit of 30 redirects. This article explains the causes of the error and provides solutions to fix it, including modifying redirect behavior, increasing max redirects, disabling redirects, and implementing custom redirect handling. It also offers best practices for handling redirects and answers frequently asked questions about the error.

Debugging HTTP Requests in Python with Request Logging

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Add comprehensive logging to Python requests for visibility into issues when making HTTP requests.

Demystifying Authentication with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Authentication can be tricky when working with APIs and web scraping. Python Requests provides various authentication schemes like basic, token-based, and digest authentication to make it easier. Understand the available auth classes and implement them properly to seamlessly integrate authentication into your Python scripts and apps.

Troubleshooting the "bytes-like object is required" Error in Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Requests requires bytes for file uploads, request body encoding, and response content decoding. Use 'rb' mode to read file data as bytes. Encode text to bytes before sending. Decode response content from bytes to strings before accessing.

Why Python Requests Get() Doesn't Refresh The Web Page

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Python Requests library does not automatically refresh web pages like a browser. It only downloads static content.

Keeping Sessions Alive with Persistent Connections in Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Using persistent sessions in Python Requests library improves performance and allows reusing connections for multiple requests.

Troubleshooting Connection Timeouts in Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Troubleshooting tips for connection timeouts when using Python Requests library for HTTP requests.

Sending Form Data with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Sending form data is a common task in web development. Learn how to do it effectively with Python Requests library.

How to Install the Python Requests Module with Pip

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The Python Requests module is essential for making HTTP requests in Python. Installing Requests with Pip ensures the latest version and easy integration into new Python projects.

Hands-On Guide to Python Requests Status Codes

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Nov 17, 2023

Status codes are a vital part of working with the Python Requests library. Learn how to access, interpret, and handle status codes in Python Requests for writing robust scripts and applications.

Are Python requests deprecated?

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Oct 22, 2023

Python Requests is a popular library for making HTTP requests. Despite confusion caused by AWS, it remains actively maintained and supports the latest Python versions.

Fixing "Content-Type incorrect" Errors with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

When using Python Requests library, invalid Content-Type errors can occur due to incorrect format or missing header. Take care to set Content-Type correctly.

Automate Search Form Submission with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Submitting forms is a common task when scraping the web or automating workflows. Python requests allows you to easily submit forms programmatically.

Troubleshooting SSL Certificate Errors with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

When using Python Requests library for HTTPS requests, you may encounter SSL certificate errors. Try updating OS, specifying custom CA bundle, or disabling certificate verification.

Accessing the YouTube API with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The YouTube API allows developers to integrate YouTube functionality into their own applications. This article explains how to query the YouTube API v3 using the Python Requests library.

Troubleshooting the Python Requests Module Not Working

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Reinstall packages after Python upgrades. Watch for SSL/TLS certificate problems. Simplify to basic HTTP requests for debugging. Create isolated environments to test Requests.

Enable Detailed HTTP Debug Logging in Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Enable debug logging in Python Requests library to get detailed insight into HTTP requests and save time debugging issues.

Overcoming SSL Certificate Errors with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Dealing with SSL certificates in Python Requests can be a pain. Here are some tips to overcome certificate errors and ensure validation.

Sending and Receiving JSON Data with Python Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Python Requests library makes it easy to send HTTP requests and receive responses in JSON format. It simplifies working with APIs and web services.

Scraping Websites Without Requests: 4 Python Alternatives

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The Python Requests module is a popular, easy way to download web pages and scrape data. But what if you need an alternative? Here are 5 good options to scrape websites without Requests.

Python Requests Library: Making Authenticated POST Requests

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The Python Requests library provides a simple way to make HTTP requests in Python, including POST requests with Basic HTTP Authentication for authenticated API requests.

Streamlining HTTP Requests in Python with the Requests Module

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The Python Requests module is an essential tool for interacting with APIs and websites in your Python code.

Sending POST Requests with the Python Requests Library by Specifying GET

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Override the method parameter in Python Requests library to make a POST request even if specified as GET.

Accessing Resources in Python Without HTTP: Alternatives to the Requests Library

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

Python Requests library is popular for accessing resources over HTTP, but Python also offers options for working with local files, databases, and alternative protocols using the standard library and add-on modules.

Accessing Python Requests Without pip

Author: Mohan Ganesan

Date: Feb 3, 2024

The Python Requests library is useful for making HTTP requests in Python. If you can't install packages normally, you can still access Requests by downloading the source code directly.

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